서강 한국어 1A 준비 1

Vocabulary

Countries

나라

Germany 독일
Russia 러시아
The United States 미국
Vietnam 베트남
Japan 일본
China 충국
Thailand 테국
Korea 한국
Canada 캐나다
England 영국
Australia 호주
France 프랑스
New Zealand 뉴질랜드
South Africa 남아공/남아프리카

Occupations

직업

Teacher 선생님
Chef 요리사
Doctor 의사
Student 학생
Office Worker 회사원
Police Officer 경찰관
Nurse 간호사
Firefighter 소방관
Hair Stylist 미용사
Housewife/Homemaker* 주부

Expressions

표현

Nice to meet you. 반갑습니다
Hello/How are you? 안녕하세요?
What is your name? 이름이 뭐예요?**
Who is this person? 이붑이 누구예요?
A: Are you Korean?

B: Yes, I am Korean

A: 한국 사람이에요?

B: 네, 한국 사람이에요.

A: Are you an office worker?

B: No, I’m a student

A: 회사원이예요?

B: 아니요, 학생이에요.

* In Korea this word is typically used for women but can also be used for men.

** “아녕하세요?” is a question like “How are you?” or “Are you doing well?”, but no one expects a real answer.  Instead the correct response is just “안녕하세요?”

Grammar

-이에요/예요

To be(is, are, am)

This grammar is used for sentences like “I am Korean” or “They are students”.  It gets attached to the end of a noun with no space in between the noun and the ending.  If the noun ends in  a consonant it is followed by 이에요 , if there is no consonant it is followed by 예요.

  • I am American. (I am an American Person)
    • 저는 미국 사람이에요.
  • This person is a doctor.
    • 이사람은 의사예요.

With nouns this pattern happens a lot.  If the noun ends with a final consonant (받침) it will be followed a different ending than if there is no final consonant.  It makes things easier to pronounce.

받침

No 받침

-이예요 -예요
소방관이에요 미용사예요
한국 사람이에요 호주예요

 

4과 우리 오후에 문병 갈까요?

New Words

  • 문병 visit someone who is sick
  • 목소리 voice
  • (이)랑 with
  • 신청하다 To apply
  • 사고 accident
  • 장학생 Scholarship student
  • 변하다 change/alter
  • 종일 all day
  • 병 disease, illness
  • 나다 (사고가) To happen, to occur (accident)
  • 신청서 application form
  • 심하다 extreme, severe, harsh
  • 낫다 (감기가)  To recover, to get over (cold)
  • 몸 Body
  • 다치다 To get hurt, to be injured
  • 내다 (신청서를) To submit an application
  • 반장 class president
  • 수술(하다) operate, surgery (on a patient)
  • 환영하다 to welcome
  • 콧물 runny nose, snot
  • 더구나 besides, moreover
  • 뽑다 To elect, select, hire
  • 안내문 sign, notice

New Grammar

  • V-아/어 보니(까) After trying V (I discovered)

    • 집 떠나서 혼자 살아 보니까 힘들어요.
      • I left my house and after trying to live alone I discovered it was hard.
    • 선영 씨가 만든 비빔밥을 먹어 보니 정말 맛이 있었어요.
      • After eating Seonyeongs bibimbop I discovered it was very delicious.
    • 선생님 댁에 전화를 걸어 보니까 안 계셨어요.
      • After calling Teachers house I discovered he/she wasn’t home.
    • 친구가 비려 준 잡지를 읽어 보니 재미있었어요.
      • I read the magazine my friend lent me, it was interesting.
    • 잘 생각해 보니까 내 말이 틀린 것 같아요.
      • After thinking about it well, I discovered my speech seemed to be incorrect.
    • 선생님이 소개해 주신 사람을 만나 보니 어때요? – 만나서 얘기해 보니 마음에 들어요.
      • How was meeting the person Teacher introduced to you? – We met and after talking I discovered I really liked him/her.
  • A/V -대요 It is said/They said (follows the same rules as ㄴ 다고 하다, shortened form of reported speech)

    • 그 영화가 어떻대요? – 정말 재미있대요. 같이 보러 갈래요?
      • Did they say how that movie was? – They said it was very interesting. Do you want to go see it together?
    • 그 노래가 부르기 쉽대요? – 아니요. 어렵대요.
      • Did he say that song was easy to sing? – No, He said it was hard.
    • 영숙 씨가 그동안 왜 그렇게 바빴대요? – 이사하느라고 바빴대요.
      • Did YeongSuk say why he was busy like that? – He said he was moving so he was busy.
    • 정 선생님이 어디에 사신대요? – 신림동에 사신대요.
      • Did Jeong Teacher say where she lives? – She said she lives in ShinLim Dong.
    • 영희 씨가 김밥을 먹고 싶대요.
      • YeongHui said she wants to eat kimbab.
    • 그 아이는 날마다 태권도 연습을 열심히 한대요.
      • He said that kid practices taekwondo hard everyday.
    • 마이클 씨는 매일 아침 한국 신문을 읽는대요.
      • Micheal  said he reads the Korean new paper every morning.
    • 철수 씨가 우리 결혼식에 꼭 오겠대요.
      • CheolSu said he is definitely coming to our wedding.
  • A/V – (으)ㄹ 거래요 They said it will (future tense)

    • 내일은 날씨가 흐릴 거래요.  하지만 모래는 다시 맑아질 거래요.
      • They said tomorrows weather will be cloudy.  However, the day after tomorrow will become clear again.
    • 영수 씨는 이번에는 장학금을 신청하지 않을 거래요.
      • YeongSu said he will not apply for the the scholarship this time.
    • 토미 씨는 내년에 박사 공부를 끝내고 고향으로 돌아갈 거래요.
      • Tommy said next year he will finish studying his PhD and will return home.
  • N(이)래요 It is said/They said

    • 저분이 누구시래요? – 역사학과 교수님이시래요.
      • Who did you say that person is? – I said it is the history professor.
    • 일기 예보에서 뭐래요? – 다음 주부터 장마래요.
      • What did the weather forecast say? – It said the raining season starts next week.
    • 저 새 건물이 뭐래요? – 방송국이래요.
      • What did they say that new building is? – They said it is a broadcasting station.
  • 낫다 To recover/To get over (cold)

    • 그동안 많이 아팠는데 이제는 병이 다 나았어요.
      • For that time I was very sick, but now my illness is all recovered.
    • 선생님께서 감기가 심히시대요. 빨리 나으시면 좋겠어요.
      • He said the teachers cold is severe.  I hope she recovers quickly.
    • 몸이 많이 아파서 걱정했어요.  하지만 의사 선생님이 곧 나을 거라고 했어요.
      • My body hurts a lot so I am worried.  However, the Doctor said I will recover soon.
  • A/V – 아/어야 할텐데 I wish/I hope/it will have to (this expresses worry about something )

    • 내일 바다로 놀러 가기로 했어요.  날씨가 좋아야 할텐데…
  • 더구나 besides/furthermore

    • 주말엔 날씨가 나쁠 거래요. 더구나 태풍이 올 거래요.
      • They said the weekend weather will be bad.  Furthermore they said a typhoon will come.
    • 한국말을 아직 잘 못 알아들어요.  더구나 뉴스는 더 못 알아듣겠어요.
      • I still can’t understand Korean well.  Furthermore I can’t understand the news more.
    • 기침이 심해요. 더구나 열도 나요.
      • My cough if severe.  Furthermore.  I have a fever too.
    • 진이는 그 옷 색깔이 마음에 안 든대요. 더구나 값도 비싸대요.
      •  Jini said she doesn’t like the color of those  clothes.  Furthermore she said the price was expensive.
  • N(Time interval) 있으면 N 이다 In (time interval) some noun

    • 10분 있으면 쉬는 시간이에요.
      • In 10 minutes it is rest time.
    • 2주일 있으면 방학이에요.  고향 가는 비행기표를 예약해야 할 텐데…
      • In 2 weeks it is vacation.  I need to  reserve my plane ticket home and I am worried…
    • 한 달 있으면 대학 시험이에요.  시험을 잘 봐야 할 텐데…
      • In about a month is the University test.  I’m need to do well on the test and I am worried…
  • N(이)랑 with/and

    • 그 일을 할 수 있는 사람은 너랑 나밖에 없어.
      • You and me are the only ones who can do it.
    • 민수 씨가 혼자 온대? – 아니, 친구랑 같이 온대.
      • Did MinSu say that he is coming alone? – No, he said he is coming with a friend.
    • 철수랑 영희랑 좋아한대요. – 정말이에요? 난 전혀 몰랐는데요.
      • Did you say you like CheolSu and YeongHee? – I totally didn’t know.